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Purity and cleanliness in Quran and Hadith

Purity and cleanliness in Quran and Hadith

The Qur'an and Hadith emphasize the importance of maintaining purity and cleanliness, and mention the practice of cleanliness in various ways. In the Holy Qur'an and in the hadiths of the Prophet (PBUH), the word 'Taharat' or purity is used extensively in the context of purity and cleanliness.

The term ‘Taharat’ emphasizes the need to be free from all external impurity as well as being free from all forms of internal wickedness and impurity, including disbelief and disobedience to Allah.
At the beginning of every book of Islamic jurisprudence there is a place called ‘Kitabut Taharat’ or ‘Chapter of Purity’.
The believer must purify himself from such impurity through ablution or bath. Similarly, the body, clothes and place should be purified from material impurity (khubuch). Moreover, it goes without saying that it is pure and clean for daily five times prayer.
Allah praises the people of the Kaaba area near Madinah, saying in the Holy Qur’an,
‘There are people there who love to be pure. And Allah loves those who keep themselves pure. (Surah Tawba, verse: 108)

Allah Rabbul Alamin also says,
‘Surely Allah loves those who repent and those who attain greater purity. (Surah Baqarah, Verse: 222)

The importance of cleanliness has also been emphasized and taught in various hadiths. Even maintaining cleanliness is described as part of faith. On the authority of Abu Malik Ash’ari (RA), the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
‘Cleanliness is half of faith. (Muslim, Hadith No. 223)

Cleanliness of the person, cleanliness of the house and cleanliness of the surroundings—nothing has been left out in Islam. Ghusl is given importance at least on Fridays to maintain personal cleanliness. Even in the hadith it is said that it is obligatory or essential. In a hadith narrated by Abu Saeed Khudri (RA), the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said:
It is obligatory for every adult to take a bath on Friday. (Bukhari, Hadith No: 469)

In another hadith narrated by Abu Hurairah (RA), the Prophet (PBUH) said,

‘It is the duty of every Muslim for Allah to wash his head and body (at least) every seven days. (Bukhari, Hadith no: 696; Muslim, Hadith no: 749) Although it is not obligatory on one to take a bath, the body may smell bad due to sweat and dust, so it is recommended to take a bath at least once every seven days. This does not mean that Ghusl is ordered after seven days. On the other hand, in the hadith, special importance has been given to keeping the various parts of the body clean.
Miswak, tooth cleaning sticks are emphasized in hadith for dental and oral care. The use of miswak is considered an important sunnah. In a hadith narrated by Abu Huraira Radiyallahu Anhu, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said:
“If it were not for my ummah or (he said) the people, I would order them to perform miswak with every prayer. (Bukhari, Hadith No. 6; Muslim, Hadith No. 252)

Islam has also given importance to maintaining the cleanliness of the hair. Jabir (RA) said,
One day Rasulullah (SAW) came to visit our house. He came and found an eloquent man. “Couldn’t this guy have done something to style his hair?” she said of him. Seeing another man wearing dirty clothes, he said, “Couldn’t this man have done something to clean his clothes?” (Musnad Ahmad, Hadith No: 14650; Bayhaqi, Hadith No: 5713)
The importance of the Shari’ah in maintaining the blessing of human cleanliness and beauty and maintaining health and beauty can be easily understood by reading the chapters of the Book of Hadith Fiqh. Nothing was left out, including nail clipping, moustache, underarm hair plucking, and even the removal of unwanted pubic hair.

In a hadith narrated by Aisha (RA), the Prophet, may God bless him and grant him peace, said that
ten things are included in the ‘Fitrat’: cutting the moustache, keeping the beard long, shaving the nose, watering the nose, cutting the nails, washing the folds of the skin, and removing the hair under the armpits. . , shaving the hair below the navel, achieving cleanliness with water (after defecation). “I forgot the tenth thing,” said the narrator, “probably for being a coolie.” (Muslim, Hadith No. 2657)
The Hadith has also given considerable importance to keeping the house clean. The sitting area should also be kept clean from dirt, garbage and unsightly material. There is no substitute for your own health and well-being. From Saeed Ibn Musayyib. he said
“God’s glory! He loves the holy. Allah is holy. He likes cleanliness. Allah is great, He loves greatness, God is generous, He loves generosity. So keep your backyard clean. [Tirmidhi, Hadith No: 2699)

In the hadith, it is also ordered to keep the environment clean. In a hadith narrated by Abu Huraira Radiyallahu Anhu, the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, said: The
Companions asked, O Messenger of God, what are the two cursed deeds? He said, people defecate on the road or under the shade of trees. (Abu Dawud, Hadith No: 25; Musnad Ahmad, Hadith No: 653)
The Hadith also provides important guidance on preventing environmental pollution. In a hadith narrated by Abu Huraira (RA), the Prophet (SAW) said,
‘None of you should urinate in stagnant water and then bathe with it. (Bukhari, Hadith no: 239; Muslim, Hadith no: 262)
Similarly, various essential instructions are given to keep food and drink free from contamination, including covering the vessel. In a hadith narrated by Jabir Ibn Abdullah (RA), the Prophet (PBUH) said,
‘Cover your dishes. Close the mouth of the cup. Close the doors and keep your children indoors during Asadha. Because, during this time the genes spread and have an effect. And turn off the light when you fall asleep. Because mice are sometimes drawn to the lamp’s salt. Then it burns the householder. (Bukhari, Hadith No: 3317)

Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam warned us to wash our hands before eating. In the Book of Hadith,
a Jew from Medina once said, I will eat without washing my hands against the words of Muhammad. Let’s see what my problem is. But it turned out that the man died shortly after eating. The reason was later found to be that the man had snake venom on his hands at work. And when he eats without washing his hands, the poison enters his stomach with the food and he dies.
Indeed, Islam is a religion of eternal beauty and sweetness. May Allah grant us all the grace to live according to the beauty of Islam.

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